Queensland Native Seeds

Melia azedarach

Scientific NameMelia azedarach
CategoriesTree
Common Name(s)White Cedar
FamilyMeliaceae

Description

"Deciduous tree to 40 m tall; bole to at least 60 cm diam.; bark fissured and scaling with age;"(Flora of Australia)

Notes

Melia azedarach seed is used in small amounts for rehabilitation and is simply collected. The fruit can be dried and sold or the flesh removed and cleaned down to the inner stones with abrasive-washing techniques. Seed collectors should be aware that cultivated varieties of M. azedarach are present in parts of Australia and these may have weedy properties. Also, "in Australia, both exotic and native plants have become naturalised within and beyond the putative natural distribution of the species" (Flora of Australia). More information may be gained from the links below.

Historical Notes

Melia azedarach has a history of use for timber. Various plant parts such as seed oil, leaves and root-bark are sources of insecticides.

Distribution

"Northern and eastern Australia from the Kimberley region, Western Australia, through the Northern Territory and Queensland S to Milton, New South Wales, but original distribution completely obscured by cultivated and naturalised forms (see below). Certainly naturalised in SW Western Australia, South Australia, Victoria and possibly Tasmania." (Flora of Australia)

Distribution Map | Melia azedarach | Queensland Native Seeds

Melia azedarach | leaf | Queensland Native Seeds
Melia azedarach | canopy | Queensland Native Seeds
Melia azedarach | endocarp (seed within) | Queensland Native Seeds
Melia azedarach | Edaphic site examples (laterised basalt, deep, clay loam) | Queensland Native Seeds
Melia azedarach | depiction by Sylvia Seiler, Killara, West Boondooma, Qld | Queensland Native Seeds

References and Related Links

Flora of Australia. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra. [Date Accessed: Nov 21, 2019] http://www.ausflora.org.au

https://profiles.ala.org.au/opus/foa/profile/Melia%20azedarach

https://www.anbg.gov.au/gnp/interns-2008/melia-azedarach.html

http://keys.trin.org.au/key-server/data/0e0f0504-0103-430d-8004-060d07080d04/media/Html/taxon/Melia_azedarach.htm

Botanical Illustrations by Sylvia Seiler. Compiled by Ross and Wilma Tait for the Chinchilla Field Naturalists’ Club, 2014