Queensland Native Seeds

Eucalyptus populnea

Scientific NameEucalyptus populnea
Common Name(s)Poplar Box, Bimbil Box


"Tree to 20 m tall. Forming a lignotuber." (Euclid, 4th Ed.)


Eucalyptus populnea often forming woodlands on more fertile soils develops into a small to medium height tree with scraggly form. It's therefore an accessible and approachable tree, comparable to E. coolabah, however as with many box species it is not generous with seed. This conflicts with the demand for its seed in coal mine rehabilitation work. E. populnea was and is a common taxon of ecologies from pre-mining landscapes in the coal basins of Queensland. What is referred to as "seed" here in most cases is the mixture of seed and chaff which comes from the capsules upon dehiscence. Our analyses of this material show that E. populnea has a relatively high seed count. How this relates to seedling recruitment would be subject to a far more complex analysis. It is possible that sowing rates could be minimised.

Historical Notes


"Widespread and abundant in Queensland from west of Mackay to Barcaldine south to Hungerford and east to Warwick while being absent from the coastal zones.; also on the western plains of New South Wales and west of the River Darling. It grades into the narrow-leaved E. brownii in the north of its distribution." (Brooker, M.I.H., and Kleinig, D.A., 2004)

Distribution Map | Eucalyptus populnea | Queensland Native Seeds

Eucalyptus populnea | inflorescence, bud, adult leaves | Queensland Native Seeds
Eucalyptus populnea | bark | Queensland Native Seeds

References and Related Links

EUCLID Eucalypts of Australia Edition 4 (2015, internet based, hosted by the Atlas of Living Australia). Date accessed: Oct 26, 2019.



Brooker M.I.H., Kleinig D.A. (2004) ‘Field guide to eucalypts. Vol. 3. 2nd edn. (Bloomings Books: Melbourne)